Aratiles Fruit

The aratiles fruit is a tropical plant specie known in English-speaking countries as Calabur tree, cherry tree, silk wood, strawberry cherry, and panama berry. Aratiles name also include kerson fruit or manzanitas. It grows as a tree that has a cherry-like looking fruit that has the color red, orange or pink when ripe. The immature fruit is color green to yellow green. The tree is fast growing in high precipitation areas with enough sunlight. The fruit is edible with sweet and aromatic flavor. The fruits can be turned into juice, jam, or puree. It was known to have many medical health benefits like: lowering blood sugar and blood pressure, good for the cardiovascular system, as pain reliever, and some claims like preventing cancer.
Manzanitas is a spanish word meaning small apples are used to refer to aratiles. Saresa is the name used by central Luzon and the Visayas locals to refer to the fruits. Aratiles may be spelled differently like aratilis. The scientific name of the plant is Muntingia calabura. 

Aratiles  can reach as high as 5 to 10 meters with many branches. Leaves are yellow green or whitish green that has tiny hairs and oblong-ovate shaped with 10 centimeters length. Flowers are colored white and small about 2 centimeters in diameter. The aratiles fruit is a berry that is 1.5 to 2 cm in diameter. The juicy and sweet fruits are edible when ripe. The said fruit is native to tropical America. The fruits resemble the cranberries that grows as a low shrub. It has found adaptability in the Caribbean, Asia, and South America.

Applications and Characteristics of Aratiles Fruit

Analgesic, antipyretic (leaves)
Antibacterial activity
Anticancer, antiproliferative, antoxidant
Antihyperglycemic , antioxidant (leaves)
Antimicrobial (leaves)
Antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory , antipyretic
Antinociceptive (leaves)
Antinociceptive, opioid receptor connect
Antistaphylococcal activity
Cytotoxic (stems and leaves)
Cytotoxic flavonoids, anticancer
Effect on isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction
Flavanone constituents
Gastroprotective cytotoxic flavonoids, anti-cancer (roots)
Hypotensive effect
New cytotoxic flavonoids, anti-cancer (roots)

By Kyle

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