21st Century technologies keep on sprouting. A product of human ingenuity, modern computing greatly affected out lifestyle and work which lead us to what we call digital age. Digital age is a period in human history characterized by a radical shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution have brought in the 1800s, to an computerized information based economy.

Computing have improved our productivity and efficiency. Faster computing allows faster processing of information, automation, communication, and information technology. From the invention of the first computers to the commercialized personal computer, we begin to develop a sense of dependence on these systems. The cost of embracing a technology includes its maintenance cost and lifetime which sets obsolesce into consideration. A person becomes aware of new technologies and the ways in which it speed up work and how its new features solves a particular need.

Readiness is the state of being fully prepared for change. Change is definitely coming but no one knows when. All we know is that the computers we are using today have been improving performance on the basis of doubling transistor density per square inch on every 18 months famously known as Moore’s Law. Gordon Moore is Intel co-founder which is the world’s biggest computer processor manufacturer. Current trend of processor fabrication involves lowering of silicon transistor size from  22 nm feature width around 2012, to 14 nm and 10 nm width as of the current writing. The transition to small and newer silicon transistor size gives the processor improved density, which in this case is 2.7x improvement in transistor density for using 10nm compared with 14nm processors. This trend will continue to deliver smaller transistor in play and increasing processor density in the future to keep up with improving speed of computing.

Quantum computing has always been limited to physicist studying them. However, they are developing ways to make it available outside the labs for commercial use. Quantum computing have unimaginable processing power and will likely be the key to solving encryption, artificial intelligence and pharmaceutical problems. Quantum computing has this promising application due to the fact that its processing power roots from manipulation of quantum states governed by our physical laws to instantly provide resulting output. Traditional computer use transistors based in silicon to do the same computing and is dependent on binary system of 1s and 0s or bits which are electrical representation of data. Quantum computers use superposition of states and other quantum mechanical phenomena of entanglement and tunneling enabling quantum computers to manipulate enormous combinations of states.

There was much focus given to quantum computing through corporate funding like Intel, Google, IBM, and Microsoft. Until recently, IBM announced that it successfully built and tested its most powerful universal quantum processors. IBM Q early-access commercial systems will have one of this prototype processors. IBM Q is an commercial initiative to build industry available universal quantum systems. It will see applications in business and science with its 16 qubit processor which are more complex compared to other 5 qubit quatum computers developed for commercial application and experimentation. D-Wave Systems also offers commercial quantum computers with quantum annealers. Promising developments are conducted by Dutch Research institute QuTech for its quasiparticles. Academic Reseach institutes and tech giants Google and IBM based their quantum bits from loops of superconducting wire based on already researched technology. Quasiparticles are being heavily researched by private firms and research institute and the quest for superior quantum computing goes on.

By Kyle

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